Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology

About Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology

Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology

Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology is a Science journal that publishes articles based on original research on basic and clinical sciences related to Pharmaceutical Microbiology. The Journal also features review articles, critiques, controversies, methods, technical notes, selected case studies and articles of special nature.
The journal offers peer-reviewed articles on Pharmaceutical Microbiology. The journal also supports articles written based on clinical or experimental research to add value and professionalism.
Its editorial mission is to focus on prevention and rectification of Pharmaceutical Microbiology. Clinical papers emphasizing all aspects of research and development of anti-infective agents, the use of microorganisms to detect mutagenic and carcinogenic activity in prospective drugs, and the use of microorganisms in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products like insulin and human growth hormone are acceptable for publication. The Journal particularly welcomes contributions from the specialists in the field of Pharmaceutical Microbiology.

Microbiology

Microbiology is the branch of Science, Specifically biology dealing with the study of Micro-organisms, or life too small to be seen with the naked eye.

Microbiology covers several disciplines, including virology (study of viruses), bacteriology (study of bacteria), mycology (study of fungi), and parasitology (study of parasites). Each of these disciplines may include but is not limited to studies of infectious disease-causing microorganisms.

Journals related to Microbiology

Food & Industrial Microbiology, Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene, Microbial & Biochemical Technology, Applied Microbiology: Open Access, Archives of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology: Open Access, Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis, Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Antimicrobial Agents, Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Annual Review of Microbiology, Trends in Microbiology, Current Opinion in Microbiology, Frontiers in Microbiology, Microbiology Journal, Journal of Microbiology, Current Microbiology, Journal of Basic Microbiology.

Microorganisms

An organism that is microscopic or submicroscopic, which means it is too small to be seen by the unaided human eye and exist as unicellular, multicellular, or cell clusters are termed as Microorganisms.

Types of Microorganisms are bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, algae, and viruses. Harmful Microorganisms examples: Escherichia coli O157:H7, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Streptococcus mutans, Salmonella enteric and Chlamydophila pneumonia.

Journals related to Microorganisms

Microorganisms, Emerging Microbes & Infections, Microbiological Research, International Journal of Microbes and Environmental Management, Antimicrobial Agents, Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology.

Applied Microbiology

Applied microbiology is a scientific arena that deals with the major application of microorganisms and basic knowledge about them. Vital Applications include biotechnology, agriculture, medicine, food, Pharmacy, Dairy, Industrial, medicine and bioremediation.

Knowledge obtained by microbiologists in studying microbes, led to the major fields of applied microbiology, which are widely spread and are extensively spread as major research arenas today.

Journals related to Applied Microbiology

Journal of Applied Microbiology, Applied Microbiology: Open Access, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Critical Reviews in Microbiology, Enzyme and Microbial Technology, Advances in Applied Microbiology.

Pharmaceutical Microbiology

Pharmaceutical Microbiology is the combined field of Microbiology and pharmacy, wherein study of microorganisms that are related to the production of antibiotics, enzymes, vitamins, vaccines, and other pharmaceutical products are detailed.

It majorly studies the causes of pharmaceutical contamination (Pharmaceutical product contamination with microbes) and Spoilage. Pharmaceutical microbiologists focus heavily on quality control to ensure a supply of life-saving drugs and vaccines that are free from contamination by micro-organisms.

Journals related to Pharmaceutical Microbiology

Pharmaceutical Microbiology, International Journal of Pharma Research & Review, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Emerging Drugs, Journal of Pharmaceutics & Drug Delivery Research, Pharmacovigilance, International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences, Journal of Pharmacological & Toxicological Studies, Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology.

Pharmaceutical Microorganisms

Microorganisms are either useful (according to specific limits) or cause spoilage of Pharmaceutical products and these are specified as Pharmaceutical Microorganisms.

Useful Pharmaceutical Microorganisms produce antibiotics, Vitamins & Amino Acids. Useful microbes include in cosmetics especially in Anti-ageing creams, Hair Growth Supplements and in Whitening of skin.

Journals related to Pharmaceutical Microorganisms

Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Applied Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology, Microorganisms.

Microbiological Identification

The ability to identify exactly which microorganism strain is present in a sample is a fundamental need for all research, and rapid molecular techniques for these analyses are replacing traditional culture-based methods.

The US, European, and Japanese Pharmacopeia guidelines recommend genotypic microbial identification of bacteria and fungi at the species level.

Journals related to Microbiological Identification

Biologicals, Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Journal of Applied Microbiology, Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, Enzyme and Microbial Technology, Biotechnology Journal, Microbial Biotechnology, Critical Reviews in Microbiology, Food & Industrial Microbiology, Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene, Microbial & Biochemical Technology, Applied Microbiology: Open Access, Archives of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology: Open Access, Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis, Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Antimicrobial Agents, Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology.

Microbial Contamination

Microbiological Contamination refers to the non-intended or accidental introduction of microbes such as bacteria, yeast, mould, fungi, virus, prions, protozoa or their toxins and by-products.

Prominent changes for Product Contamination include: loss of viscosity and sedimentation due to depolymerisation of suspending agents, pH Changes, Gas Production, Faulty smell, shiny viscous masses etc.

Journals related to Microbial Contamination

International Journal of Food Contamination, Pharmaceutical Sciences & Emerging Drugs, Pharmacognosy & Natural Products, Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology, Food & Industrial Microbiology, Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene, Microbial & Biochemical Technology, Applied Microbiology: Open Access, Archives of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology: Open Access, Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis, Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Antimicrobial Agents, Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology.

Pharmaceutical Contamination

Pharmaceutical Contamination involves the introduction of microbes into pharmaceutical finished products. Source of Microbial Contamination in Pharmaceutical products include: During manufacture, raw materials used, environmental sources, cleaning equipment, packaging, containers that are frequently re-used, repackaging of products, processing, storage and transportation.

Factors affecting the Microbial spoilage of Pharmaceutical products include: Types and size of contaminant inoculums, Factors related to pH, Moisture content, Storage temperature, Packaging Design, etc.

Journals related to Pharmaceutical Contamination

Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Applied Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology, Microorganisms, Journal of Pharmaceutics & Drug Delivery Research, Pharmacovigilance,International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences,Journal of Pharmacological & Toxicological Studies.

Pharmaceuticals Products and Microbial Risks

According to WHO, Pharmaceutical products are more commonly known as medicines or drugs – are a fundamental component of both modern and traditional medicine. It is essential that such products are safe, effective, and of good quality, and are prescribed and used rationally.

Pharmaceutical products may be used for: the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation or prevention of a disease or its symptom; the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation of any abnormal physical or physiological state or its symptom; altering, modifying, correcting or restoring any organ function.

Journals related to Pharmaceuticals Products and Microbial Risks

Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry: Open Access, Advances in Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety, Applied Pharmacy, Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access Journal, International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences, Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Pharmaceutical Sciences & Emerging Drugs, Pharmaceutics & Drug Delivery Research.

Microbial Limits Test & Assays

Microbial limits testing is performed to determine whether a product complies with compendial specifications for microbial quality. It includes two phases: quantitative phase which covers the Microbial Enumeration, gives the total number of aerobic organisms as well as a total yeast and mold count on a product.

Microbial Assay works on the the principle that the organism is inoculated into a medium containing all the growth factors needed except the one under examination; the rate of growth is then proportional to the amount of this nutrient added in the test substance.

Journals related to Microbial Limits Test & Assays

Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Applied Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology, Microorganisms, Journal of Pharmaceutics & Drug Delivery Research, Pharmacovigilance, International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences, Journal of Pharmacological & Toxicological Studies.

Aseptic Process Simulations/Media Fills

A media fill (sometimes known as a process simulation) is the performance of an aseptic manufacturing procedure using a sterile microbiological growth medium in place of the drug solution.

Aseptic process simulation is a method to determine if a purportedly aseptic process really is aseptic. Aseptic process simulation (media fills) is the lynchpin of any qualification of an aseptic facility.

Journals related to Aseptic Process Simulations/Media Fills

Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Applied Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology, Microorganisms, Journal of Pharmaceutics & Drug Delivery Research, Pharmacovigilance, International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences, Journal of Pharmacological & Toxicological Studies.

Microbial Spoilage and Preservation

Microbial Spoilage include the contamination of Pharmaceutical products with the microbes which lead to spoilage of the product affecting Drug safety and quality, and is not intended for use. Shortly Microbial Spoilage is defined as deterioration of pharmaceutical products by the contaminant microbe.

Preservation is the process wherein the microbial growth is minimized or prevented. Preservation is the process of inhibiting or minimizing preferably during the storage and multi-dose application the risk of microbial contamination of pharmaceutical products.

Journals related to Microbial Spoilage and Preservation

Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Applied Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology, Microorganisms, Journal of Pharmaceutics & Drug Delivery Research, Pharmacovigilance, International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences, Journal of Pharmacological & Toxicological Studies.

Antimicrobial Preservation

A chemical substance that is used to preserve pharmaceuticals, food or other organic material from decomposition or fermentation by preventing the growth of microorganisms often termed as Antimicrobial Preservatives.

Examples of Antimicrobial preservatives include: Methyl, ethyl, propyl and butyl Parabens, Sorbic acid. Na, K & Ca Sorbate, Benzoic acid, Na, K & Ca Benzoate, Sodium metabisulfite, Propylene glycol (15-30%). BHT, BHA, benzaldehyde, Essential Oils, Phenol and Mercury compounds.

Journals related to Antimicrobial Preservation

Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Applied Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology, Microorganisms, Journal of Pharmaceutics & Drug Delivery Research, Pharmacovigilance, International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences, Journal of Pharmacological & Toxicological Studies, Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Antimicrobial Agents.

Microbial Control

Control of microbial growth means to inhibit or prevent growth of microorganisms. This control is affected in two basic ways: (1) by killing microorganisms or (2) by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms.

Control of growth usually involves the use of physical or chemical agents which either kill or prevent the growth of microorganisms.

Journals related to Microbial Control

Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Applied Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology, Microorganisms, Journal of Pharmaceutics & Drug Delivery Research, Pharmacovigilance, International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences, Journal of Pharmacological & Toxicological Studies, Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Antimicrobial Agents.

Disinfection & Sterilization Technologies

Disinfection is defined as Destruction of pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins or vectors by direct exposure to chemical or physical agents. General Disinfectants used in Pharmaceutical industry include alcohols, chlorine and chlorine compounds, formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, ortho-phthalaldehyde, hydrogen peroxide, iodophors, peracetic acid, phenolics, and quaternary ammonium compounds.

According to WHO, Sterilization is process of complete destruction or removal of all microorganisms (including spore-forming and non-spore-forming bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa) that could contaminate pharmaceuticals or other materials and thereby constitute a health hazard. Sterilization refers to the complete destruction or elimination of all viable organisms in or on a substance being sterilized. Types of sterilization include: Physical (Moist Heat & Dry Heat), chemical and radiation.

Journals related to Disinfection & Sterilization Technologies

Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Applied Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology, Microorganisms, Journal of Pharmaceutics & Drug Delivery Research, Pharmacovigilance, International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences, Journal of Pharmacological & Toxicological Studies, Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Antimicrobial Agents.

Drug Quality Control

According to WHO, term quality control refers to the sum of all procedures undertaken to ensure the identity and purity of a particular pharmaceutical. Quality control is an essential operation of the pharmaceutical industry.

Drugs must be marketed as safe and therapeutically active formulations whose performance is consistent and predictable. It not only protects the manufacturer against compensation claims, but also guarantees the patient a safe and effective product.

Journals related to Drug Quality Control

Pharmacovigilance, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology.

Validation of Test Methods

According to ISO, Validation is the confirmation by examination and provision of objective evidence that the particular requirements for a specific intended use are fulfilled. Validation process estimates the representativeness, repeatability and reproducibility of the test method.

Validation process includes: Accuracy, Precision, Specificity, Detection Limit, limit of quantitation, linearity, range, and ruggedness or robustness.

Journals related to Validation of Test Methods

Pharmacovigilance, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology.

Drug Safety/Pharmacovigilance

Drug Safety covers the topics on the epidemiology, clinical features, prevention and management of adverse effects of individual drugs and drug classes. Benefit-risk assessments provide an in-depth review of adverse effect and efficacy data for a drug in a defined therapeutic area.

Pharmacovigilance (PV or PhV), also known as Drug Safety, is the pharmacological science relating to the collection, detection, assessment monitoring of Drug for its proper use.

Journals related to Drug Safety/Pharmacovigilance

Pharmacovigilance, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Journal of Pharmaceutics & Drug Delivery Research, Pharmacovigilance, International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences, Journal of Pharmacological & Toxicological Studies.

Sterile Pharmaceutical Manufacturing

The primary goal of final pharmaceutical product is Quality and Safety. Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API’s), used as ingredients in sterile medicinal products, must be sterile unless the final dosage form is terminally sterilized, or produced by a process including a sterilising filtration step. API’s intended for use in parenteral products must also comply with relevant specifications on pyrogens or bacterial endotoxins.

The manufacture of sterile API’s must be strictly controlled in order to minimize the risk of contamination with micro-organisms, endotoxins and particles. If the final dosage form is not to be sterilised by filtration, the API’s should be practically free of particles.

Journals related to Sterile Pharmaceutical Manufacturing

Journal of Pharmaceutics & Drug Delivery Research, Pharmacovigilance, International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy & Life Sciences, Journal of Pharmacological & Toxicological Studies, Pharmacovigilance, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance, Research & Reviews: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology.

Biological Indicators

Biological indicator (BI) is type of monitoring which provides direct evidence that sterilization process conditions are sufficient to kill spores. It uses microbes that are highly resistant to the type of sterilization process you are monitoring.

BIs are considered the gold standard of load sterilization monitoring. They are widely recommended as the preferred device for monitoring and releasing loads.

Journals related to Biological Indicators

Food & Industrial Microbiology, Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene, Microbial & Biochemical Technology, Applied Microbiology: Open Access, Archives of Clinical Microbiology, Clinical Microbiology: Open Access, Medical Microbiology & Diagnosis, Research & Reviews: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, Antimicrobial Agents, Journal of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Annual Review of Microbiology, Trends in Microbiology, Current Opinion in Microbiology, Frontiers in Microbiology, Microbiology Journal, Journal of Microbiology, Current Microbiology, Journal of Basic Microbiology.